What is Gold Fill, Sterling Silver, Vermeil?

Gold Fill Jewelry Description:

The term “gold fill” or “gold filled” means that a layer of solid, 14K gold has been heat and pressure-bonded to a core of high quality jeweler’s brass. The US strictly regulates this industry standard, requiring  1/20th or 5% gold by weight in all pieces considered “gold fill” or “gold filled”. 

Gold fill jewelry contains literally 100 times more gold than plated pieces. Gold plating is paper thin and often chips or wears through after a few uses, revealing the fast-tarnishing base metal underneath. In contrast, the thick gold layer on gold filled pieces is securely bonded to its core, ensuring that your jewelry remains in pristine condition for many years of regular wear.

Gold fill has become the industry leader for affordable, high quality jewelry. ​

The thick layer of gold on gold filled pieces makes it safe for sensitive skin as it is unlikely to cause an allergic reaction.

Silver Fill Jewelry Description:

Silver fill  is a solid layer of sterling silver (.925/20) bonded to the surface of a base metal. This layer, as with the gold fill is hundreds of times thicker then silver plating. 

Silver fill wire has almost the same properties as sterling silver and does not flake or chip as with silver plated. The fabrication is completed with an anti-tarnish coating to preserve the beauty.​​

Gold vermeil is sterling silver plated with high karat gold, usually 22 -24K gold

Gold Vermeil Description:

Gold Vermeil, which is pronounced “vehr-MAY,” is sterling silver plated with gold. In order to qualify as gold vermeil and not merely gold-plated silver, a piece of jewelry must meet certain requirements. The base must be pure sterling silver. It may not be coated with any other metal prior to having the layer of gold applied. Finally, the gold layer with which the silver is plated must be at least 10-karat gold, and the layer must be at least two and one-half microns in thickness.

Gold vermeil is comparable to pure gold in appearance and artisanship. Because of its primary composition of sterling silver, gold vermeil is considerably more affordable than pure gold. 

Gemstone Properties

Aquamarine is the March birthstone.

Aquamarine is a powerful meditation stone as it encourages peace and harmony. Meditating with aquamarine allows one to receive wisdom and know truth. 

Its meaning comes from the Latin words for “sea” and “water”.  Aquamarine is believed to encourage deep courage through a heightened knowledge of oneself. It also enhances clarity of perception and eyesight, flow of creativity, inspiration, protection, courage, reduce fears and sharpen intuition. Ancient traditions say that wearing Aquamarine brings a happy marriage – bringing the woman joy and wealth. It is also believed to protect one from seasickness and other perils of the sea.

Amethyst is the official birthstone for February.

Amethyst is a powerful healing stone, and powerful when worn as jewelry, especially with silver.

Amethyst is used to keep a person grounded, remove chaos, as well as helps with mental clarity, instills love, high ideals and urges one to do right. It can also be helpful in curing impatience, and removing feelings of victimization.

Physically it is believed to be beneficial for the circulatory and nervous system, and relaxation.  Amethyst is believed to aid the sleeping patterns of insomniacs, and that one should keep an amethyst stone under one’s pillow to sleep peacefully.  “Amethyst” comes from the Greek meaning “without drunkeness”, and is considered a very beneficial stone for sobriety, or detoxification.

Apatite is believed to enhance insight, creativity and learning.

It is said that wearing Apatite will enhance focus, clarity for concentration, intellect, acceptance, and unconditional love. This acceptance and unconditional love relates to the self as well as from others. 

Apatite, a stone seldom found in jewelry stores and virtually unknown to the general public, is beloved by collectors for its many different colors and forms. Only with the recent availability of the neon blue-green variety from Madagascar, has its jewelry use increased.

Chalcedony and its named varieties are well represented in various birthstone charts and can be found for all the months except January, April, and November.  

Native American Indians believed chalcedony was a sacred stone and used in the spiritual ceremonies of the tribe. 

It is thought to increase vitality, stamina, and endurance and to promote emotional balance and charity while relieving melancholy, fever, gallstones, and eye problems.

Citrine is November’s birthstone

Citrine promotes creativity, helps personal clarity, helps treat depression and eliminates self-destructive tendencies. 

Citrine symbolizes joy, wisdom and peace. Many believe that it motivates writers and enhances creativity. The beautiful golden color of Citrine is very beneficial in financial success, aiding in attracting and maintaining wealth. 

Citrine is believed to help the heart, kidney, digestive tract, liver and muscles. 

Fluorite is known as the “Genius” stone, believed to increase concentration and aid in decision-making.

It is believed to absorb and neutralize negative vibrations. 

Fluorite is extremely beneficial during times when intellectual abilities are needed. In addition to sharpening the concentration of the wearer, and aiding analytical abilities, Flourite also helps one quickly absorb information and form ideas.

Iolite gemstone is one of the best stones to use in psychic, healing, and spiritual activities.

It can open one to psychic talents and expand them as well.  Iolite is also an excellent stone for meditation and astral travel. It helps one grow spiritually in a gentle fashion.  

Iolite  is very helpful when dealing with addictions, including alcoholism. It assists in detoxification as well as maintaining sobriety. As well, Iiolite is also said to help build relationships whether they be new or old.


Lapis Lazuli is the traditional birthstone for November.

This strong blue-colored stone is known to strengthen awareness and creativity. The energy of this stone is of very high quality, and it does not lower its power to your level; rather you must raise your mental, emotional and spiritual energies to connect with it.  

It teaches you to set aside your personality and all it’s quirks, so that you can clearly see what is actually occurring within another person or a given situation.

It will also help in wiping out any part of the past, in this life or others that you are still carrying but need to let go of.

Pearl is the birthstone for the month of June. 

Pearl signifies faith, charity and innocence.  It enhances personal integrity and helps to provide a focus to ones attention. 

Pearl symbolizes purity and is known as a “stone of sincerity”.  It brings truth to situations and loyalty to a “cause”.  Inhibits boisterous behavior. 

Pearl treats digestive disorders and the soft organs of the body.  It relieves conditions of bloating and biliousness.  Pearl increases fertility and eases childbirth.

Ruby is the the birthstone for the month of July.

It is a stone of nobility. It’s energy is intense and vivid. Ruby encourages one to follow bliss and stimulates one’s basic instinct for survival. It re-energizes one after exhaustion. 

Ruby brings love, confidence, loyalty, and courage. It instills stamina, vitality and strength. It also helps reduce negative thoughts. 

Ruby allows you to love Self and Spirit. A good protection stone. It is used for removing blocked energies in the reproductive system and for balancing blood sugar. 

Tourmaline is the official birthstone for the October

Tourmaline is believed to strengthen the body and spirit, especially the nervous system, blood, and lymphs. It is also thought to inspire creativity and was used extensively as a talisman by artists and writers.

Ancient legend says that tourmaline is found in all colors because it traveled along a rainbow and gathered all the the rainbow’s colors. 

Amazonite is known as the “Hope Stone”, believed to offer luck for your hopes and dreams.

Amazonite is believed to be useful for finding personal truth, luck, prosperity, creativity, growth, soothing energy, and receiving energy for better stamina. 

Amazonite’s soothing energy aids in confidence and in opening the Throat Chakra. Moreover, this calming stone is believed to balance masculine and feminine energies.

Ametrine is said to have all the metaphysical properties of both amethyst and citrine combined, as well its own unique properties. 

Ametrine energies are said to stimulate the intellect and rid the aura of negative energy. Physically ametrine strengthens the nerves, promotes the supply of oxygen to the body and helps to encourage the healing process after a serious illness.  Ametrine will stimulate the activity of the brain and enhance the wearer’s emotion life and creativity.

Ametrine aids in meditation, boosts psychic abilities, relieves tension, disperses negativity and helps to eliminate prejudice. It also has the basic properties of both the amethyst and the citrine that comprise it.

Aventurine is known to help one find luck in financial matters, as it is a stone that stone that encourages luck and chance. It is also used to calm a troubled mind, bring inner peace, increase confidence and gratitude, and reinforce positive attitudes.

Physically, it is used to strengthen eyesight and calm emotions. Aventurine’s  calming effect on emotions makes it a good stone for teenagers in the awkward growth period. Moreover, its energies are beneficial for those with challenging careers as it helps you make decisions and increases your leadership abilities.

Carnelian is a variety of Chalcedony. It is a Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo. Carnelian is a 17th Anniversary gemstone.

A stabilizing stone, Carnelian restores vitality and motivation, and stimulates creativity. It gives courage, promotes positive life choices, dispels apathy and motivates for success.

Carnelian improves analytic abilities and clarifies perception. It sharpens concentration and dispels mental lethargy. Protects against envy, rage and resentment. Calms anger, banishes emotional negativity and replaces it with a love of life. Carnelian is known to enhance a performer’s work, adding the ability for more drama and energy in one’s performance.

Carnelian is useful for overcoming abuse of any kind. It helps in trusting yourself and your perceptions. It overcomes negative conditioning and encourages steadfastness.

Carnelian’s healing properties are thought to help purify the blood, relieve menstrual cramps and back pain. It is also thought to be beneficial in the treatment of infertility and is worn to enhance passion and desire. 

Garnet is the official birthstone for January.

Garnet’s powers include healing, strength, and protection and it is often worn to relieve inflammations of the skin.

It is also believed to regulate the heart and blood flow and aid in curing depression. In earlier times, garnets were exchanged as gifts between friends to demonstrate their affection for each other and to insure that they meet again.

Hemimorphite is a birthstone for the month of December.

It is a  powerful healing stone, which allows us to tap into ancient healing techniques via meditation.

Hemimorphite brings good fortune and good luck. Fosters enthusiasm, optimism, high energy and the ability to stay excited about a project right through the end.

Hemimorphite is a stone that brings joy and creativity to one’s life.  

Physically, hemimorphite is great for regaining or maintaining healing and is particularly healing for pain relief, ulcers, blood diseases, cellular disease or disorder. Hemimorphite is associated with the heart chakra.

Labradorite has the benefit of both Sun and Moon energies, thus making it a very effective power stone.

Labradorite is very beneficial in helping one get through particularly tough times and challenges as its strength allows one to get through troubles and see a brighter light.

Labradorite also sharpens one’s intuition, allowing one to see and understand oneself and his destiny.  In “real-life” situations, labradorite is particularly helpful for teachers who need the strength of illumination to enhance their teachings.

For jobs that demand great stamina or are faced with challenges, labradorite may help one see through these tough periods.

Onyx is the stone of Gemini and Leo.

Onyx gives strength. It promotes vigor, steadfastness and stamina. Imparts self-confidence, helping you to be at ease in your surroundings.

Onyx banishes grief, enhances self-control and stimulates the power of wise decision-making. It encourages happiness and good fortune.

Onyx treats disorders of the bones, bone marrow and blood. It is beneficial for teeth and the feet.

Peridot is the official birthstone for the month of August. 

Peridot brings the wearer good luck, peace, and success. Peridot powers include health, protection, and sleep.

The advantages of peridot are to attract love and calm anger while also soothing nerves and dispelling negative emotions.

Turquoise is the official birthstone for December. 

Turquoise, a stone that varies in color from green to greenish blue, is said to attract success, money, and love. It is also said to have powers of protection and courage.

The stone relaxes the mind and does much to take away mental tension. Native Americans believed the stone brought protection to a rider upon a horse, and great protection in general, especially to turn away the evil eye. 

Birthstone Information

Traditionally, a birthstone is associated with each month of the year. For example, the birthstone for January is a garnet, while babies born in April get a diamond as their birthstone. The origin of birthstones is believed to date back to the breastplate of Aaron which contained twelve gemstones representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The idea of birthstones has a place in many traditions, customs, and belief systems.

The birthstones featured below are arranged by month according to The American Gem Society.